Biomass Boilers (Solid Fuel Boilers)
The principle of biomass gasification
Encom Pakistan is one of the largest supplier of Biomass Boilers, Solid Fuel Boilers and Industrial Boilers in Pakistan. Encom supplies these boilers from many years. Biomass gasification is a process that under certain conditions of thermodynamic, to made the composition of the biomass of C-H compounds change to CO and H2 other flammable gases. The gas mix with the air and oxygen to made the biomass burning, if the gas mix with limited oxygen, the biomass will incomplete combustion in the furnace, it will be gasification to combustible gas-pneumatolytic gas. During the gasification process, just supply the necessary and limited oxygen and as far as possible to retain the power in the after reaction combustible gases. The H, CO and low-molecular-weight hydrocarbons of combustible gas are the product after gasification.
After gasification, the main ingredient for the production comprised nitrogen, CO, CO2, hydrogen, methane, tar anda small amount other hydrocarbon substances (CnHm), as well as a small amount of ash and water vapor. It is contains 79% of N2 in the air, it does not participate in gasification reaction, so in the gasification gas almost content 50% of N2. But it is diluted the combustible part in the pneumatolytic gas, so it is reducing the gasification gas heat value. Pure gasification process can produce gas that heat value is 1060kcal/Nm3, while the gas after actual gasification generated the heat value will higher than the theoretical heat value, according to the biomass raw material difference, generally difference is 1200 ~ 1400 kcal/Nm3.
Gas after gasification comprised the more dust, tar and water, it is must to be purified. Mainly is to removal the ash, solid particles, tar, condensate and etc in the combustion gas. Ash and tar will be ≤ 50mg/Nm3 after the gas purified. Tar is gaseity when it is high temperature, and it is completely mixture with combustible gas. When under low temperature (usually less than 200 ℃) condition, tar will be condensation liquid, so it is hard to separation and processing. The generally purification equipment have cyclone dust collector, spray towers, separator, the tar filter and so on. The purified gas can be supply to the combustion engine to use.
Technological process of Biomass gasification and power generation
Biomass is gasified into combustible gas in a Gasifier
Gas is purified in Several Purifiens
Purified Gas is stored in a Gas Tank
Gas Engines generate electricity
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